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Vietnam Population
 
 
 

General

The population of Vietnam in 2005 was estimated by the United Nations at 83,305,000, which placed it at number 13 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In 2005, approximately 7% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 29% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 100 males for every 100 females in the country. According to the UN, the annual population rate of change for 2005-10 was expected to be 1.3%. The government viewed this rate as too high, despite the significant success of family planning programs in reducing the fertility rate from 3.7 births per woman in 1990 to 2.9 in 2005. The projected population for the year 2025 was 103,187,000. The population density was 251 per km² (650 per mi²).

The UN estimated that 26% of the population lived in urban areas in 2005, and that urban areas were growing at an annual rate of 3.21%. The capital city, Hanoi, had a population of 3,977,000 in that year.

Overview

Population : 91,519,289 (July 2012 est.)
Age structure : 0-14 years: 24.9% (male 11,924,283/ female 10,824,773)

15-64 years: 69.6% (male 31,824,777/ female 31,887,228)

65 years and over: 5.5% (male 1,940,755/ female 3,117,473) (2012 est.)
Median age : total: 28.2 years

male: 27.1 years

female: 29.2 years (2012 est.)
Population growth rate : 1.054% (2012 est.)
Birth rate : 16.83 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
Death rate : 5.95 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
Net migration rate : -0.34 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
Urbanisation : urban population: 30% of total population (2010)

rate of urbanisation: 3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - population : Ho Chi Minh City 5.976 million; Hanoi (capital) 2.668 million; Haiphong 1.941 million; Da Nang 807,000 (2009)
Sex ratio : at birth: 1.12 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.1 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.62 male(s)/female

total population: 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
Maternal mortality rate : 59 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Infant mortality rate : total: 20.24 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 20.61 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 19.83 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)
Life expectancy at birth : total population: 72.41 years

male: 69.95 years

female: 75.16 years (2012 est.)
Total fertility rate : 1.89 children born/woman (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate : 0.4% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS : 280,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths : 14,000 (2009 est.)
Major infectious diseases : degree of risk: high

food or water-borne diseases: bacterial diarrhoea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever

vector-borne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, Japanese encephalitis, and plague

water contact disease: leptospirosis

note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate : 0.5% (2000)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight : 20.2% (2008)
Health expenditures : 7.2% of GDP (2009)
Physicians density : 1.224 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density : 2.87 beds/1,000 population (2008)
Nationality : noun: Vietnamese (singular and plural)

adjective: Vietnamese
Ethnic groups : Kinh (Viet) 85.7%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.8%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.5%, Mong 1.2%, Nung 1.1%, others 5.3% (1999 census)
Religions : Buddhist 9.3%, Catholic 6.7%, Hoa Hao 1.5%, Cao Dai 1.1%, Protestant 0.5%, Muslim 0.1%, none 80.8% (1999 census)
Languages : Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favoured as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
Literacy : definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 94%

male: 96.1%

female: 92% (2002 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) : total: 10 years

male: 11 years

female: 10 years (2001)
Education expenditures : 5.3% of GDP (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 : total: 4.6%

male: 4.4%

female: 4.9% (2004)

 

 

 
 

 



 


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